The global aerospace and defense springs market size was valued at USD 260 million in 2018 and is anticipated to grow with a CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period, 2019 to 2025. Increasing demand for aircraft for commercial purposes due to the growing number of passengers is the major factor driving the market growth. The rising need for fighter jets due to increasing security concerns and growing border clashes in Asia Pacific countries is further projected to drive the market growth.
Spring is a small but essential component in aircraft, as it is used in all essential components of aircraft. It is widely used in luggage doors, armrests, stairs, cup holders, and aircraft’s interior and frames. In addition, they are used in major aircraft components including hydraulic engines and systems, metering valves, and actuators.
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Components used in the defense and aerospace industry should be durable with the capability to sustain in a harsh environment. Therefore, manufacturers require sturdy and durable components that need less maintenance, up-gradation, and replacement along with precise dimensions. The springs are used in the aerospace and defense industry due to their various beneficial properties such as resistance to high pressure, longer life, and low maintenance, thereby used in probes, antennas, satellites, and radar. These springs play an important role in navigation as well as for ground services teams.
The raw material used for the manufacturing of springs is also an important factor in this market. This material differs as per the manufacturer’s requirement. For instance, stainless steel with grades 17-7 is widely used in spring manufacturing due to its durability and sustainability. However, the availability of other cost-effective raw materials is projected to propel the aerospace & defense spring demand.
Stringency in the aerospace & defense sector mandated manufacturers to manufacture the best quality and accurate size of components. Springs have a wide range of applications in this industry to decrease the weight of equipment and maintain high standard performance. Spring is not a standardized product, thus it can be modified as per the aircraft components requirement.
Based on type, the aerospace & defense spring market is fragmented into flat coil springs, spiral/power springs, torque coil, torsion, & clutch springs, and others. The coil spring type is estimated to dominate the market throughout the forecast period due to its various applications in aircraft components. In addition, several properties of this product such as low replacement, low cost of raw material, and lightweight are major factors estimated to foster the segment growth. On the other hand, the flat power/spiral springs category is projected to have considerable growth in this industry in the next few years.
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Coil springs allow high flexibility associated with variable rate characteristics. When weight is increased, the variable rate spring gets stiffer to raise stability without any harsh effects. It also helps to reduce surrounding vibration, thus increases the longevity of connected components. On the other hand, to carry heavyweight, torsion or spiral springs are preferred over coil springs.
In 2018, Asia Pacific led the market and expected to grow with the highest CAGR during the forecast period. This growth is attributed to an improvement in manufacturing services in the aerospace sector. China has the major production of this product due to the high presence of raw material.
Europe held a market share of more than 22.0% in terms of revenue and is estimated to grow with a significant CAGR from 2019 to 2025. This growth is characterized by the presence of a large number of aircraft OEM and parts manufactures. Rising demand for advanced aircraft is anticipated to boost the regional market growth. In addition, the emergence of new technologies like drones and inspection robots for maintenance purposes is projected to propel regional market growth.
Impact of COVID-19
The COVID-19 outbreak has impacted the aerospace and defense industry adversely, as several commercial aircraft manufacturers have temporarily shut down their operations. In commercial aviation, companies are experiencing disruption in production as well as slow demand as passengers are not traveling due to government restrictions across the globe. Therefore, the demand for springs has been decreased to some extent in the pandemic situation.
In the defense sector, demand for the product should not be affected over the next two years due to COVID-19. Production may slow due to the current situation, as budgets for these projects had been allocated before the pandemic. Hence, the demand for springs in the defense sector is projected to surge with a significant growth rate during pandemic situations.
Aerospace and Defense Springs Market Share Insights
The major companies operating in the market are M. Coil Spring Manufacturing Company; Ace Wire Spring & Form Co., Inc., Myers Spring Co. Inc., and Argo Spring Manufacturing Co., Inc.; These market players are majorly focusing on strategic alliances as well as long term agreements and OEM to reduce the risk and cost related to the development of aerospace products. Other players involved in this market are Myers Spring Co. Inc.; MW Industries Inc.; Vulcan Spring & Mfg. Co.; John Evans’ Sons Inc. and Nordia Springs Ltd. These players are investing in R&D to develop lightweight springs along with the high-pressure resistant capacity to reduce aircraft weight.
The market is highly competitive due to increasing demand from the aircraft manufacturing industry. The market has a low entry barrier owing to the requirement for product certification. Even though Europe and North America have more well-established companies, new players in the developing region are offering a low-cost solution to consumers, which is projected to drive intense competition in this market.